People with diabetes are generally at a higher risk of developing heart disease and circulatory problems than non diabetics. An increased level of blood pressure adds to the already burdened circulatory system in a diabetic body. This can, in the long run, damage the heart, kidneys, feet, and eyes. Constant monitoring of blood pressure is necessary for diabetics to either prevent any such problems or detect them early.
The filtering system of the kidney has very small channels for blood flow. Constant high blood pressure can put extra workload on these blood vessels and can damage them. Apart from this, diabetics are already at a risk of developing kidney issues. Problems can compound and pose a serious threat.
Diabetics also stand a higher chance of developing heart disease and having a stroke, as well as blockage in blood vessels. High blood pressure can accelerate the rate at which circulatory problems develop, which is why it is necessary to keep blood pressure in check by following a healthy diet and getting adequate exercise. Blood pressure monitors can also give you an accurate reading of your blood pressure which is very important to check periodically.
There are a number of medications for blood pressure, each functioning in a different way, some need to be taken in combination with another. Diuretics make urination more frequent, relieving excess fluids and fluid pressure from the blood stream, which helps control blood pressure. ACE and ARB blockers work by preventing an enzyme that constricts blood vessels. These have a good effect in controlling the onset of kidney issues. Beta blockers and calcium channel blockers relax the heart, making it work at a lower rate so that blood pressure is kept under control.
Apart from medication, a healthy lifestyle goes a long way in warding off high blood pressure and many problems associated with diabetes.