Diabetes involves several complications that compromise the ability of the body to heal wounds. This means wounds have a greater chance of being infected and turning worse in diabetics, with a probability of amputation of the body part if care is not taken in due time. So, it is important for diabetics to be aware of even the smallest wound on their bodies and treat them immediately.
Diabetes and wound prevention
Diabetics need to be extra cautious about avoiding wounds, even minor cuts and scrapes such as pinpricks or nicks while shaving. Diabetes can cause a nervous condition where the affected person has reduced sensation across the body, which can make wounds and cuts go unnoticed sometimes. It can also weaken the immune system of the body, reducing the body’s ability to fight infections. Another possible consequence of diabetes is the narrowing of arteries, which can cause a decrease in the rate of flow of blood. This means the transportation of nutrients, oxygen, and antibodies to the wound is lower than normal, thus slowing wound healing, and also increasing the chances of infection of the wound.
Preventing foot sores
The parts of the body that receive the most use and wear are the feet. Care has to be taken to prevent even minor foot injuries in diabetics. Check the feet daily for cuts or bruises, prevent foot cracks by the use of petroleum jelly or similar products, and use specialized footwear and socks that do not restrict blood flow.
In case a wound has occurred, it needs to be cleaned, disinfected, medicated, and bandaged immediately. Check the wound daily for infection and replace the bandaging. Do not perform any activity that may cause the wound to rupture, which slows the healing process even more. Consult your physician on even the smallest signs of skin irritation, to avoid the possibility of a diabetic ulcer.