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Researchers are constantly studying diabetes in an effort to come up with a cure for the condition. The latest breakthroughs in diabetes research revolve around the use of integrated glucose monitors and insulin pumps, transplantation of insulin cells and the use of artificial pancreas. The relation between brain cells and insulin cells is also being studied to reach a beneficial conclusion.

Integrated glucose monitor and insulin pump

Constant monitoring is essential in order to curb the complications that could be caused by diabetes. Hence, the integrated glucose monitor and insulin pump is an ideal alternative since the sensor constantly monitors glucose levels in the blood stream while the pump discharges insulin when the body requires the same. This prevents the risk of health hazards that could be caused by elevated levels of blood sugar. It also saves the patient the trouble of constantly monitoring glucose levels manually and injecting themselves with insulin from time to time. The use of the device was recently permitted by the FDA and is believed to be a giant leap in the treatment of diabetes.

Insulin signals, fat metabolism and diabetes

Studies have revealed a correlation between insulin signals, metabolism of fats and diabetes. One of the latest researches led by American Diabetes Association proved that the insulin signal in the brain has the ability to affect the metabolism of fats and regulates levels of glucose in the blood stream. According to the American Diabetes Association, the insulin hormone in the brain controls the functioning of fat tissues that lead to insulin resistance in the body, as seen in type 2 diabetes. Fatty acids which are produced in excess get deposited in vital organs and high levels of fatty acids can lead to insulin resistance.