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Diet is considered a large factor in reducing the symptoms of diabetes and controlling the disease. A diabetic diet does not mean avoiding all sources of sugar and following complex diet charts limited to special foods. It advocates a relatively normal diet with controlled intake of fat and calories, the aim being to limit blood sugar and to control body weight.

Choosing high-fiber content foods

The diet is not just intended to limit calorie intake. It is advised to consume food that does not increase blood sugar levels too quickly, but rather does so at a steady pace over time. These foods, called slow-release foods, contain high fiber content and are slow to metabolize.

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Choose the least processed cereals and grain-based foods such as brown rice, whole wheat bread and pasta, and steel cut oats, while limiting processed grain foods and derivatives such as white rice, white bread, and white pasta. Fresh fruits and vegetables generally do not increase blood sugar levels, though potatoes, fruit juices, dry fruits, and canned fruits are an exception. Include plenty of protein-rich foods such as nuts and pulses, fish, and lean meat.

Including sweets smartly

A diabetic diet can accommodate a sweet tooth. To start, moderation is the key. If you do not want to eliminate sweets from your diet, you can instead cut back on carbohydrate rich foods such as rice and bread. Eating sweets along with your meal decreases the tendency of a spike in blood sugar levels, as compared to eating sweets by themselves. Sweets taken in along with foods that have some fat content such as avocados, walnuts, yoghurt, and peanut butter makes the process of digestion slower, thus allowing a more controlled increase in the levels of blood sugar in the body. That said, foods containing trans-fat are to be avoided. Also to be avoided are sweetened drinks.

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